Abstract: Early Years


Carl Zeiss founds a workshop for precision mechanics and optics in Jena


Production of microscopes


Start of collaboration between Ernst Abbe and Carl Zeiss


Abbe’s theory of image formation in the microscope leads to fundamentally improved microscopes. This theory and the “sine condition” that bears Abbe’s name form the basis of all high-performance optics


Founding of the subsequent Jenaer Glaswerks Schott & Genossen (today: SCHOTT AG) by Otto Schott, Ernst Abbe, Carl Zeiss and Roderich Zeiss


Founding of the Carl Zeiss Foundation by Ernst Abbe


Ernst Abbe makes the Carl Zeiss Foundation the sole owner of the Zeiss factory


Already of considerable economic importance, in the first half of the 20th century Carl Zeiss develops into a leading optics enterprise with activities all over the world

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